Château d'Usson - Rouze
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Château d'Usson

Château d'Usson - Rouze

Château d'Usson - Rouze

Château d'Usson - Rouze

Château d'Usson - Rouze
 
Château d'Usson - Rouze

The castle of Usson is the most ancient of both strongholds of the Donezan. It was first mentioned in 1035 but its building up probably dates back to the end of the 10 th Century. It was occupied without interruption until 1794 and it bears, still most visible, the marks of this long occupation. It was in turn property of the So and Alion families, of the Catalan Counts of Foix, of the Kings of France, or even of the Usson de Bonnac family, last holder of this antic stronghold. The marquis de Bonnac, Jean-Louis d'Usson, turned the medieval dwelling place through many restorations under his control, together with Victor Canas' architectural project, into a residential house according to the fashion of the 18 th Century. The Revolution of 1789 tolled the knell for a lot of castles belonging to the nobility and that of Usson knew its own demolition stone after stone, finally becoming a quarry for the inhabitants of the next villages. One has to wait till 1990 to see this legendary site as a witness of actions aimed at saving it from falling into total ruin. The low wall serves now as a shelter for the Patrimony House which was fixed up in the former stables, built in the 18 th Century...
  The Chateau d'Usson is one of the so-called Cathar castles in what is now southwestern France. It is located in the commune of Rouze, in the Ariege departement. It is sited upstream from Axat, along the Aude River gorge, carved out of the foothills of the Pyrenees.

It is situated at 920 m in altitude and dominates the valley of the Aude River. The Chateau de Puilaurens is 30 km away, Chateau de Puivert 49 km and Chateau de Queribus 60 km. Chateau d'Usson is listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.

The castle dates from the 11th century (perhaps earlier) and during the Cathar period marked the eastern boundary of the territories of the Counts of Foix. In the 12th century this was the capital of the Donezan region. Before the defile was cut through the mountains to link Quillan to Axat, this was an inaccessible outpost providing succour for faidits and other persecuted Cathars. The Cathar bishop of Toulouse Guilhabert de Castres is known to have taken refuge here.

Towards the end of the wars against the Cathars this was one of their last sanctuaries, providing support for Montsegur. The seigneurs of Usson, Bernard d'Alion, lord of the Chateau de Montaillou, and his brother Arnaud d'Usson sent arms and supplies to their besieged comrades there. On March 15, 1244, the day before 225 Cathar parfaits were burned alive at Montsegur, four other parfaits left the castle there for Usson, where the Cathar treasure had been evacuated a few months earlier. This mystery has fed a number of theories about the equally mysterious treasure supposedly found at Rennes-le-Chateau in the 19th century.

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Français - French - Französisch - Francés - Francese - Frans English - Anglais - Englisch - Inglés - Engels Español - Spanish - Espagnole - Spanisch - Spagnolo - Spaans 
Château d'Usson - Rouze

Château d'Usson - Rouze

Château d'Usson - Rouze

Château d'Usson - Rouze

Château d'Usson - Rouze
  Opening Château d'Usson:  

- April 1 to April 17 and from April 29 to May 1.
- 6 to 8 May and 25 to 28 May and from 3 to 6 June.
- September 1 to September 17 and October 1 and 2 from 14:00 to 18:00
- July 14 to August 31 from 10:00 to 13:00 and from 15:00 to 19:00
 
Le Pays Cathare LES CITADELLES DU VERTIGE Qualité Tourisme Occitanie La Région Occitanie/Pyrénées-Méditerranée Grands Sites Occitanie
Parc naturel régional Pyrénées Ariégeoises Ariège Pyrénées Office de Tourisme des Pyrénées Ariégeoises Pyrénées Audoises Tourisme Communauté de communes de la Haute-Ariège
Equipments and Services:
 
  * Individual guided tours
* Group guided tours
* Unguided group visits
* Parking
* Groups Accepted
  Sightseeing
 
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- Musée Archéologique de Narbonne
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Château d'Usson
 
Leisure - Museum - Castle - Abbey
 
Château d'Usson
09460 ROUZE
 
Phone +33 4.68.20.43.92

Email -
chateau.usson@cc-hauteariege.fr

Website -
www.patrimoines.hauteariege.fr

Rates, Methods of payment -
Adults: Free
Children: Free
 
Service:

Bike friendlyParkingTerrace
 
Payments
 
Map
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