Grape Varieties

  The Grapes
The Grapes
 

You can familiarize yourself somewhat with the list we have made of all "grapes" used in the "Aude".
We hope you will enjoy your visits at all wineries and Domaines for a 'wine dégustation', as we did!

Wine tasting is properly known as 'Wine Dégustation'. It is the art of being able to note the various differences between different types of wine, and even the various differences between the vintages of the same type of wine.
 

All information can be found by clicking on links, names and images!

 Red Wine = Red Wine White Wine = White Wine Blanquette, Sparkling Wine= Blanquette, Sparkling Wine
 Organic Wine = Organic Wine Rosé = Rosé Muscat, Natural Sweet Wine  = Muscat, Natural Sweet Wine


 

Cabernet Franc

Red Wine
Cabernet Franc

An accessible, spicy, herbal, dark blue grape variety that is always compared to the cabernet sauvignon. Just like the latter, the cabernet franc is full of tannin, but is less outspoken in aroma and taste, but somewhat more herbal and spicy. The cabernet franc is ripening in an earlier stage, which gives him reason for existence in the Bordeaux area. In the Loire, where we find him a lot, he gives a clear red fresh and fruity wine. The grape has the aroma of strawberries or raspberries, violets and pencil. In colder climates like the Loire the wines become fresher and fruity. The cabernet franc is also a good basis for rosé, that will be spicy, somewhat unsophisticated, in the nice way, with a dark pink color.

Green Herbs, Violets, Blackcurrant)


Cabernet Sauvignon

Red Wine
Cabernet Sauvignon

A small matt dark-blue grape variety with a thick skin. The juice is very aromatic. In a typical cabernet sauvignon you will smell and taste black currants, pure chocolate and mint. In the aroma you will specifically find violets, cedar and pencil. The relation of pips and flesh of the grape is extremely high: 1 to 12. Next to the skin, the pips are the most important source of tannin of the wine. The tannin makes this grape very suitable for ripening on oak barrels. This makes the bitter tannin souple and soft. When grown in a too cool climate, this variety tends to give wines that are not ripe and somewhat thin. A too hot climate, on the other hand, makes the wine a little flat and gives the smell and taste of cooked fruit.

(Ceddarwood, Chocolate, Blackcurrant)


Carignan

Red Wine
Carignan

An extremely productive grape variety for red wine that buds late and therefore rarely suffers frost damage. It also ripens quite late, so can only be grown in warm to hot climates. It produces relatively tannic, quite acid wines with good colour that are mostly used in a blend with other grape varieties. This cépage was planted extensively in the Midi in southern France, becoming its most important variety. It is also the third planted variety in Spain, where they call him Carinena.

(Pepper, Plum, Ink)

 

 

Chardonnay

White Wine
Chardonnay

The famous, well yielding, early ripening grape variety for white wine that almost became a synonym for white wine. This adaptable variety is planted in almost every wine region of the world but the great white Burgundy’s like Meursault and Montrachet are still the benchmarks for winemakers all over the world. Most chardonnay’s are matured or fermented and matured in oak. So the taste of chardonnay is sometimes mixed up by the taste of oak. In Chardonnay one will taste and smell peaches, pineapple, melon, butter, toasted bread and nuts. Chardonnay is also famous as a delicate base for sparkling wines and is one of the three varieties used in the most famous sparkling wine Champagne.

(Caramel, Toasted Bread, Peach)

Chenin Blanc

White Wine
Chenin Blanc

The chameleon of white wine varieties. The most planted vine of South Africa. The variety produces sparkling wine, dry white wine, white moelleux and liquoreux that are concentrated by noble rot. Chenin Blanc is aromatic and has a very good natural grape acidity. In warmer climates also the cheaper wines made of chenin blanc can still be fresh and enjoyable. One can taste and smell peach, apricot, nuts, flowers and honey in the wines made of Chenin Blanc. = Pineau de la Loire.

(Flowers, Nuts, Peach)

Cinsaut / Cinsault

Red Wine
Cinsaut / Cinsault

A light-skinned grape variety for red wine that withstands drought very well. This grape (also written as Cinsault) is widely planted throughout southern France and Corsica. It has also been important in North and South Africa. In South Africa it is most famous as a parent of its special grape variety Pinotage. The variety with its light skin and soft perfume is particularly suitable for rosés. One can taste and smell ripe blue fruit, nuts and spices in the wines that are mostly used to blend and so soften and add perfume and fruit to the final blend.

(Blackberry, Nuts, Spices)
 

 

Chasan

White Wine
Chasan

This is a crossing of two grape varieties, Chardonnay and Listan (also known as Palomino), which was developed at Domaine de Cazes. When carefully vinified it exhibits Chardonnay aromas and flavours, but with generally lower acidity. Chasan makes a successful blend with Ugni Blanc and with Chardonnay.

(Citrus, Melon, Pear)

Colombard

White Wine
Colombard

Years ago, the wines made of Colombard grapes, deserved the bad reputation they still suffer from. Which is a pity: an easy growing and productive variety, with earthy and steely character, that grows in hot climates, and, when well treated is a real nice basic wine, with hints of grapefruit.

(Lemon, Grapefruit, Peach)

Cot

Red Wine
Cot

A somewhat rustic, full-bodied grape variety for red wine. The juice is mild and low in acidity. The Malbec grape is mainly known in the Cahors, where it is called Auxerrois or Cot. The wines are full-bodied and rich in tannins. In Argentina, this variety is planted a lot and it has a high yield. In the grape we will find the aroma and taste of dried fruit, black currants and plum. In Argentina, the wine is softer, in Cahors it has more tannins.

(Dried Fruit, Plum, Blackcurrant)
 

 

Clairette

White Wine
Clairette

Grape variety with a very thin skin for white wine. The grape used to be a basis for vermouth because of its natural high level of alcohol. The variety is still known for its sparkling wine Clairette de Die. The wines can be fruity, but are very vulnerable to oxidation. The wines can also be on the heavy side with a lack of acidity.

(Peach, Plum, Melon)

Grenache

Red Wine
Grenache

Grenache is a strong grape variety for red wine, that well supports extreme heat. The grape has a thin skin with little pigment in it, which makes it very suitable for rosé. The red wines that are made of Grenache can have a lack of colour. The grape is ripening slowly and thus may develop a high level of sugar. The wines of the Grenache are characterised by a very fruity, almost sweet taste. You will detect blackberry and some pepper. In the vast wine surface of Spain, the garnacha is the most planted red wine variety. It is one of the ingredients of the famous Spanish wine Vega Sicilia, and also plays an important role in the Châteauneuf du Pape.

(Blackberry, Green Herbs, Spices)


Macabeo

White Wine
Macabeo

Macabeo is in Spain an important variety for the production of white wine. In Rioja they call this variety Viura. The wines have a good acidity and a smell of flowers. The wines lose their taste and fruitiness relatively easily and are at their best when consumed young.

(Flowers, Green Apple, Nuts)
 

 

Malbec

Red Wine
Malbec

Malbec is a somewhat rustic, full-bodied grape variety for red wine. The juice is mild and low in acidity. The Malbec grape is mainly known in the Cahors, where it is called Auxerrois or Cot. The wines are full-bodied and rich in tannins. In Argentina, this variety is planted a lot and it has a high yield. In the grape we will find the aroma and taste of dried fruit, black currants and plum. In Argentina, the wine is softer, in Cahors it has more tannins.

(Dried Fruit, Jasmine, Plum)


Marsanne

White Wine
Marsanne

A strong grape variety for white wine that produces an almost brown wine. The wine will have a high level of alcohol and extract. It is best to drink the wines young, because they are ageing rapidly.

(Caramel, Plum, Pineapple)

Mauzac

White Wine
Mauzac

Properly known as Mauzac Blanc. White grape found only in the southern areas of France. Ripens late, so frost can be a problem in cooler climates. Used primarily for making dry and sweet sparkling wines that can be very good if done in the better Methode Champenoise. The better examples have a unique dried apple character to them that can be quite pleasant. Often blended with Chenin Blanc. The best examples come from Gaillac and Limoux, where it is known as Blanquette.

(Flowers, Yellow Apple, Green Apple)
 

 

Merlot

Red Wine
Merlot

A very productive, early ripening, dark blue grape variety. The juice is voluptuous, fruity and can be almost sensual. In the merlot you will taste and smell cherries, berries and prunes. It is also possible to detect the smell of roses or pencil. The grape has a rather thin skin, and contains relatively much sugar and has the potention of a high yield. The merlot has an early blossoming and can therefore be threatened by frost. If the production is too high the grapes become thin and light. Until today, merlot grows best in the Bordeaux area. The grape is often used in a blend to soften the severe cabernet sauvignon. However, the merlot driven great wines of St.-Emilion and Pomerol prove that merlot can also be the primary variety on the basis of a great wine.

(Cherry, Plum, Roses)


Mourvèdre

Red Wine
Mourvèdre

A strong variety for red wine with a very thick skin that produces wines with lots of tannins, also known as Monastrell. It is famous as the main variety for the red wines of Bandol in southern France. The variety is best in the French Provence where it needs the full force of the sunshine to ripen. It is also used in blends of the French Rhône wines. The vines are also planted in serious quantities in Australia, California and Spain. In the wines one can taste and smell blackberries, spices, pepper and also leather and more earthy tones.

(Blackberry, Red Currant, Spices)

Muscadelle

White Wine
Muscadelle

A typical variety for white wines in the Bordeaux area. While ripening early and budding late it still has a high production. This grape variety is usually used to add extra aroma to sweet wines. The wines have a strong aroma of grapes in their smell and taste and some tones of flowers. The variety is used for sweet wines. This variety plays an unimportant role, proven by the fact that they may occur for 5% only in de classified crus of the Sauternes.

(Grapes, Flowers, Peach)
 

 

Muscat blanc à petits grains

White Wine
Muscat blanc à petits grains

The Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains, is one of the oldest grape varieties still around. It’s linked to the Anathelicon moschaton grape used by the Ancient Greeks, and the Apiane grapevines of the Romans. A white grape, it’s a member of the Muscat family. The name comes from its small berry and tight clusters. It is called Muscat Canelli in Valais, but also goes under lots of names: Muscat Blanc, Moscato Bianco, Muscat de Frontignan, Muscat de Lunel, Muscat d'Alsace, Muskateller, Moscatel de Grano Menudo, Moscatel Rosé and Sárgamuskotály .

(Druiven, Rozen, Sinaasappel)


Muscat d'Alexandrië

White Wine
Muscat d'Alexandrië

Muscat of Alexandria is a white wine grape that is a member of the Muscat family of Vitis vinifera. It is considered an "ancient vine", and wine experts believe it is one of the oldest genetically unmodified vines still in existence. While today it is mostly cultivated as a table grape or for raisin production, it is still an important grape in the Australian and South African wine industry. It is also cultivated very heavily on the island of Samos, in the North Eastern Aegean region of Greece, and reputedly Cleopatra drank muscat wine from there. It is also thought to rival the French Beaume de Venise in its most refined form. In Italy wine is made from the grape on the island of Pantelleria, and in Spain, the grape is used for wine around Málaga, Alicante, Valencia, and the Canary Islands. The grape originated in North Africa, and the name is probably derived from its association with Ancient Egyptians who used the grape for wine making.

(Flowers, Grapes, Melon)


Muscat Ottonel

White Wine
Muscat Ottonel

Muscat Ottonel or Muskat-Ottonel (in Germany) is a white wine grape that is a member of the Muscat family of Vitis vinifera. It is most notable for its use in dessert wines from Austria and Croatia as well as dry wines from Alsace and Hungary. In Alsace, the varietal designation "Muscat" is allowed for the varieties Muscat Ottonel, Muscat blanc à petit grains and Muscat rose à petit grains in any combination (but not for other members of the Muscat family), and blends between these are common.

(Grapes, Dried Fruit, Neutral)
 

 

Pinot Gris

White Wine
Pinot Gris

Grape variety for white wine, muted of the Pinot Noir. The skin of this grape has a colour that can vary from almost black to white and from pale blue to pink. The colour of the wine can also have a hint of pink. The taste and smell of the wine have a certain spiciness with flavours of white soft fruit and a low acidity.

(Peach, Spices, Apricot)


Pinot Noir

Red Wine
Pinot Noir

The thin-skinned red burgundy grape capable of producing fantastic wines with, for the very good wines, great ageing potential. The many tiny differences in terroir, so special for the Burgundy region, are expressed by the medium of this grape variety. This grape ripens relatively early so it is not suitable for very warm regions. Pinot noir is also very sensitive to the size of crop. Crops must be reduced. In the younger wines one can taste and smell raspberries, strawberries, cherries, violets and cabbage. In the older wines one will find more earthy tones and a bouquet reminiscent of game and sometimes liquorice.

(Strawberry, Violets, Green Cabbage)

Picpoul

White Wine
Picpoul

Picpoul is a rare, ancient French grape that thrives in the coastal sands near Sète in the Languedoc, by the Mediterranean Sea. Its blend of refreshing acidity and aromatic fruit flavors of citrus and peach, make it a fantastic, full-bodied wine to enjoy with food. It is particularly well-suited to seafood because it has more floral flavors than a mineral wine, like a Sancerre. Unlike Viognier, another rare French white grape, Picpoul has not yet been exported much and is consumed almost exclusively by the locals and tourists who vacation in the area.

(Citrus, Dried Fruit, Green Apple)
 

 

Rolle

White Wine
Rolle

Syn: Vermentino Grape variety for white wine that is probably related to the Malvasia, maybe even the same. . In Bellet, near Nice, the variety is used to make strong, intense white wines. The taste and smell combine much ripe fruit, nuts and some green herbs.

(Citrus, Nuts, Passion Fruit)

Roussanne

White Wine
Roussanne

Elegant grape variety for white wine. Mostly used in the Rhône area and the Midi in de south of France. Roussanne is a late ripening variety, which may cause problems in colder areas. The wines are full of aroma, fruity, sometimes with some herbs and can age well.

(Apricot, Green Apple, Peach)

Sauvignon Blanc

White Wine
Sauvignon Blanc

An aromatic, nervous grape variety for white wine. This grape produces wines that are dry, refreshing, full of character and quickly consumable. You can detect green apples, gooseberry, grapefruit, asparagus and damp straw in it. The Cabernet Sauvignon is also famous for its contribution to the noble sweet wines from the Bordeaux area Sauternes. The compact bunches make this variety sensitive to rotting, botrytis, that, under the right circumstances, can concentrate the natural sweetness resulting in a noble sweet wine. You will find the Sauvignon Blanc in its purest form in the French Pouilly Fumé and Sancerre / Menetou-Salon, on both sides of the Loire. But this grape has also made name in New Zealand.

(Green Apple, Mowed Grass, Asparagus)
 

 

Syrah

Red Wine
Syrah

A very strong grape variety for red wine. Important in the Rhône valley and in Australia where they call this variety shiraz. The wines from syrah are tannic without being harsh. The wines will have a taste and smell off dark blue fruit like black-berries and blackcurrant, with a strong spicy side where one can find freshly ground pepper and other spices. The grape variety is famous for its great wines of the northern Rhône, e.g. Hermitage and Côte Rotie. The Shiraz produces some of the best wines from Australia.

(Blackberry, Pepper, Blackcurrant)


Terret Blanc

White Wine
Terret Blanc

Terret Blanc is grown in some quantity in the Midi region of France and used to make a white wine, often part of a blend. It is also known as Terret Monstre. Terret Blanc produces very unique, dry, fruity, spicy white wines found throughout Southern France's Languedoc.

(Almonds, Citrus, Dried Fruit)

Viognier

White Wine
Viognier

Rare grape variety, for white wine. The grapes are small and deep coloured and produce golden, full-bodied wines. The taste and smell are of apricots, peaches and flowers. Its origin lies in the northern Rhône, but today it is also cultivated in the south of France.

(Flowers, Peach, Apricot)
 
 
All information can be found by clicking on links, names and images!
A la vôtre!! (Cheers!!)

Enjoy your wine tasting ('dégustation')!

 
Grape Varieties

There are no products available in this category.

Manufacturers
Languages
Dutch English
Quick Find
 
Category:

Manufacturer:


Use keywords to find the product you are looking for.
Advanced Search
Copyright © 2014 Ode aan Aude Powered by Arends Web Design